Second Generation Authors of European Origin
Europeans were, of course, the first immigrants to North America. Although they made no attempt to assimilate or even to co-exist with existing North American cultures, some Europeans who were captured as children and then adopted by Native American tribes did live the kind of in-between lives we associate with the second generation. Some of these people wrote about their experiences. One of the most famous of the Indian captivity narratives is the story of Mary Jemison.
During the “Century of Immigration,” 1820 to 1924, 35 million immigrants arrived in the U.S., the vast majority from Europe. By 1920, more than one-third of the U.S. population consisted of immigrants and their children (pp. 124, 275, Coming to America by Roger Daniels). Willa Cather’s classic My Antonia tells the stories of children of immigrants from Bohemia and Scandinavia.
Many second-generation Europeans managed to assimilate seamlessly into the white, Protestant dominant culture, especially if they didn’t stand out because of ethnicity or religion. However, Catholics and especially Jews, even of the second generation, experienced discrimination and conflict.
Sante, Luc (born 1954) — Sante was born in Belgium and immigrated to the U.S. as a child.
- The Factory of Facts (memoir)
Larsen, Nella (1891-1964) — Larsen was born in Chicago. Her mother was an immigrant from Denmark. Her father was a black man from the West Indies who left the family when Larsen was an infant.
Brandenberg, Aliki Liacouras(born 1929) — Brandenberg was born in New Jersey. Her parents are from Greece.
- Marianthe’s Story: Painted Words and Spoken Memories(picture book)
Hamill, Pete (born 1935) — Hamill was born in Brooklyn, NY. His parents were immigrants from Northern Ireland.
- Forever: A Novel
- North River: A Novel
- Snow in August(novel)
- Tabloid City: A Novel
- A Drinking Life: A Memoir
- The Gift: A Novel
Chiofalo, Rosanna — Chiofalo was born and raised in Queens, NY. Her parents are immigrants from Sicily.
- Bella Fortuna(novel)
Mangione, Jerre (1909-1998) — Mangione was born and raised in Rochester, NY. His parents were immigrants from Sicily.
- Mount Allegro: A Memoir of Italian American Life
- An Ethnic at Large: A Memoir of America in the Thirties and Forties
Puzo, Mario (1920-1999) — Puzo was born in New York City to parents who were illiterate immigrants from Avellino, Italy. He is best known for his novel The Godfather.
- The Dark Arena(novel)
- The Family(novel)
- The Fortunate Pilgrim(novel)
- Fools Die(novel)
- The Fourth K(novel)
- The Godfather(novel)
- The Last Don(novel)
- The Sicilian (novel)
Akhtiorskaya, Yelena (born 1985) — Akhtiorskaya was born in Ukraine, immigrated to the U.S. at the age of 7, and grew up in Brighton Beach, Brooklyn.
Antin, Mary(1881-1949) — Antin was born in Belarus, immigrated to the U.S. at the age of 13, and grew up in Boston.
- The Promised Land (memoir)
Bellow, Saul (1915-2005) — Bellow was born in Quebec. His parents immigrated from Russia. His family moved to Chicago when he was nine. He won the Nobel Prize, the Pulitzer Prize, and was a three-time recipient of the National Book Award.
- The Adventures of Augie March(novel)
- Henderson the Rain King(novel)
- Humboldt’s Gift(novel)
- Collected Stories
Hoffman, Eva (born 1945) — Hoffman was born in Poland to parents who had survived the Holocaust. When she was 13, she immigrated to Canada with her family.
Kazin, Alfred (1915-1998) — Kazin was born and raised in Brooklyn, NY. His parents were immigrants from Russia.
Malamud, Bernard (1914-1986) — Malamud was born in Brooklyn, NY. His parents were immigrants from Russia. His novel The Fixer won the National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize.
Paley, Grace (1922-2007) — Paley was born in the Bronx, NY to parents who were immigrants from the Ukraine.
Polacheck, Hilda (1882-1967) — Polacheck was born in Poland, and immigrated to Chicago with her family at the age of 10.
Potok, Chaim (1929-2002) — The son of Polish immigrants, Potok was born and raised in New York City.
- The Chosen (novel)
- My Name Is Asher Lev (novel)
- The Promise (novel)
- The Gift of Asher Lev (novel)
- Davita’s Harp (novel)
- In the Beginning (novel)
- Old Men at Midnight (Ballantine Reader’s Circle) (three novellas)
- The Gates of November (nonfiction)
- Wanderings: History of the Jews (nonfiction)
Roth, Henry (1906-1995) — Roth was born in the Ukraine, immigrated to the U.S. as a young child, and grew up in New York City.
- Call It Sleep: A Novel
- An American Type: A Novel
- Mercy of a Rude Stream: A Star Shines over Mt. Morris Park(novel)
- A Diving Rock on the Hudson: A Novel (Mercy of a Rude Stream)(novel — volume II of Mercy of a Rude Stream)
- From Bondage: Volume III of Mercy of a Rude Stream
- Requiem for Harlem: Mercy of a Rude Stream Volume IV, A Novel
Shteyngart, Gary (born 1972) — Shteyngart was born in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg), Russia, and immigrated to the U.S. at the age of seven.
Stern, Elizabeth Gertrude (1889-1954) — Stern was born in Poland and immigrated at the age of three to Pittsburgh, PA.
- My Mother and I (memoir)
Yezierska, Anzia (1885?-1970) — Yezierska was born in Poland. Her exact year of birth is not known. She immigrated with her family to New York City as a child. Her first collection of stories was made into a silent film in 1922.
- Bread Givers: A Novel
- How I Found America: Collected Stories
- Arrogant Beggar(novel)
- Red Ribbon on a White Horse: My Story
- Salome of the Tenements (novel)
Alfau, Felipe (1902-1999) — Alfau was born in Barcelona and immigrated with his family at the age of 14.